Friday, July 10, 2020

Important Facts About Sociology

Important Facts About SociologySociology in the modern world of technological development can be described as a branch of human sciences concerned with the study of society and its institutions. However, it is only within the last decade that sociologists have become major players in economics and political science. Sociology has become so influential because it sheds light on the mechanisms of change and patterning and emphasizes the relationships among members of a group. It presents an attempt to figure out the causes, consequences, and alternative explanations of a phenomenon or pattern.What defines a sociologist? The professional sociologist must have at least some general knowledge about society and its major institutions. There are three areas of specialization among sociologists: sociological philosophy, sociological history, and socio-economic theory.The first question for a sociologist is the justification of their career. Many sociologists prefer to pursue their studies pa rt time so that they can take on more important work after graduation. A graduate program in sociology requires two years of undergraduate coursework and a thesis.As for success, it can come from personal growth, creative expression, working on a community, or significant leadership or service in society. Many successful sociologists are indeed Nobel laureates. Many advanced degrees in sociology, however, are not awarded for professional positions. More often, a college degree is required to start a career in sociology.Sociology can also be defined as an effort to create a science of social issue and public policy. For example, sociology can be described as a means of bringing together sociologists, economists, political scientists, and other social scientists to explore public policy and social issues. This type of research is best suited for universities and college campuses, where professors and students work together to conduct research. Many universities also provide scholarshi p programs for students who want to pursue careers in sociology. These scholarships are usually based on financial need, since most graduates in sociology and related fields must have enough financial aid to complete their studies.If one is interested in working on social issues, the main resource that may help you is the sociology department in your university. Some universities will accept a dissertation with a focus on one of the branches of sociology. Additionally, many universities will have formal interdisciplinary programs where scholars from different disciplines combine and collaborate. Such programs have the potential to reach out to a broad audience and ensure a broad consensus regarding the subject.Even though there is a lot of interest in sociology, people tend to do studies in it by themselves or with the help of other specialists. As such, sociology may seem too technical and specialized to some people. Nevertheless, it is possible to use this discipline to make certa in discoveries that can lead to socially conscious changes in society. In fact, this is exactly what sociologists have done.

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Historical Development Of Religious Research - 3743 Words

Abstract Researches on religiosity have always faced some obstacles due to its sensitive nature. The lack of reliable research can be considered one factor which makes it difficult for both Islamic and Western society to understand each assertion. The purpose of this paper is to suggest questions which should be examined for further and more correct understanding on religiosity by analyzing and comparing the results of ten articles. This paper reviews ten articles which respectively deal with research methodology, empirical survey on religious attitudes in Islamic society and empirical survey on religious attitudes in Western society. As a result, it is emerged that there is common tendency in religiosity. In addition, it is revealed that†¦show more content†¦Of all collisions that exist today, the one between Islam and the West is one of the most evident and the most influential confrontation. In most cases, the collision occurs due to different observances of international law lik e women’s rights or the criminal law. In addition, the difference in observance is caused by different attitudes towards a religious idea or religion itself. Therefore, cultivating an understanding on religious attitudes and tendencies of each country can be a way for two antagonists to ease the discrepancy. Is it because for Western countries religious adherence is not as important as Muslims that they one-sidedly try to impose on Islamic society an international idea which has roots in a Western thought? Or even though Western citizens are also as religious as Muslims, are they able to think of a political matter separately from religion? To reply to these questions, religiosity of each religion followers must be analyzed and compared. The purposes of this paper are firstly to detect what is needed for further understanding of Muslim religiosity. Secondly, it is to explore what can be done to moderate the conflict. Accordingly, this paper analyzes the results and suggestio ns from ten articles on religious controversy or religiosity itself. The articles can be roughly classified into three sections according to its main focus; 1) Introduction of measurement scale of

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Comparing the Truth in A Dolls House and Hedda Gabler Essay

Truth Exposed in A Dolls House and Hedda Gabler No other dramatist had ever meant so much to the women of the stage, claimed Elizabeth Robins, the actress who performed the title role in the English-language premier of Hedda Gabler in London in 1891 (Farfan 60). Henrik Ibsen was a Norwegian dramatist and poet whose works are notorious for their unveiling of the truths that society preferred to keep hidden. Ibsen was sensitive to womens issues and through his works, he advocated for womens rights, a controversial issue for a male writer in the 19th century. Although Ibsen has alluded to the fact that he was not a part of the womens movement, his brave portrayal of women in their socially confined positions can earn him†¦show more content†¦Juliana Tesman, a single, childless woman, sees Heddas pregnancy as being good for Heddas husband, George. Miss Tesman states, God bless and keep you, Hedda Tesman-for Georges sake (Ibsen 705). Ibsen displays women, without children, viewing motherhood positively. In both Hedda and Noras circumstances, society demands that their sole purpose is to serve their husbands. Usually, women reach maturity through marriage and after having children. Ibsen chose the opposite as his case. Nora only achieves maturity when she leaves her husband and children. Through her abandonment she was able to receive closure on the aspect of her life that was preventing her from reaching her full potential. Prior to her leaving, Nora explains to Torvald what she must do for her best interests. I have to try to educate myself, she says, You cant help me with that. Ive got to do it alone. And thats why Im leaving you now (Ibsen 192). Torvald responds by saying that she has no right to neglect her duties to her husband and children. Nora explains, I have other duties equally sacred...Duties to myself. I believe that, before all else, Im a human being, no less than you-or anyway, I ought to try to become one (Ibsen 193). Nora reprioritizes her life and realizes that she needs to cater to her personal needs and establish a life of her own before she can tend to the lives of others. Ibsen is implying that the woman

Billy Budd By Herman Melville Essay Example For Students

Billy Budd By Herman Melville Essay Todays society as well as the majority of our schools can definitely improve on how it encourages creativity and individuality in todays youth. A lot of the time, its hard to do this, but with smaller classrooms, more qualified and devoted teachers, and more cooperation from the students, everyones needs could be met, and students would receive a better education. Many of todays schools have no tolerance for anything that may go against the norm. Schools today can allow for individuality and differences in students, but they either choose not to or are not aware that anything is wrong with the way they do things. In Melvilles, Billy Budd, there are examples of this stifling of individuality. The crew members on board the Avenger are made to all conform and follow orders without question. Through Claggart, the mens individuality and rights as people are taken away through fear. No matter what anyone is trying to accomplish, satisfying everyone is almost always impossible. It is no different in todays school system, satisfying everyone is difficult. Students are not allowed to express themselves as freely as they should. This is not the case in all schools, but it is Especially since incidents like those at Columbine High School, schools now view acts of individuality and creativeness as those of malicious intent. There is a kind of intolerance for those who act differently from the majority. Ever since the two boys from Columbine murdered their classmates, everyone has been extremely cautious about everything from actual death threats, to mere heated discussion between classmates. It is almost to a point of overkill. How much regulation is too much regulation? In order for schools to be able to accommodate for everyone and their individual needs, they must first not punish students for being different from the majority. After there is an acknowledgment of the individuality of students, then you can start to help them learn better and on their own levels. If a student has no aspirations whatsoever to go to college, then after some persuasion for them to reconsider, they should not be expected to complete and be graded on the same set of requirements as other students. If a person is not as capable, or rather does not choose to use their abilities to their fullest, then they should be graded on what they are able to do, not what other people are capable of and what they are expected to be capable of. I know that this would be difficult to do because some people might choose the easy way out and intentionally not work on the level that they are capable of. But in order for this to work, teachers must trust the students and if they say they are doing their best, then odds are, the students is actually trying their hardest. Schools could be a lot more effective, I think, if they would just comply with the needs of the individual students. There is definitely a way for students to be able to be treated as individuals, and still have the entire student body happy. This is a very difficult task to accomplish, but if all the groups work together, it can be accomplished and students can be treated as individuals, rather than the entire student body.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Time Takes Time free essay sample

Last year was a busy one for the three surviving ex-Beatles, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. Paul worked on a new album, and George is scheduled to come out with a live double album of one of his Japan concerts. This leaves us with Ringo. So what has he done? He had his third consecutive summer tour. Besides that, he has come out with a new album. Its his first studio album in 11 years! Entitled, Time Takes Time, it could be the best of all the albums he has put out since The Beatles broke up in 1970. The album starts with Weight of the World, which is the albums first single. It deals with everyday troubles of the world, and how its weight is bringing us down. In it, Ringo advises us to get the weight of the world off our shoulders. Dont Know a Thing About Love begins with Ringo proclaiming, Lets start swinging! He has a way with words, and the song swings along just fine. We will write a custom essay sample on Time Takes Time or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Dont Go Where the Road Dont Go is Ringos personal favorite from the album. It could be the rock highlight of the album (or all his albums). It deals with his past problems with alcohol. Golden Blunders breaks out with Ringo and a gently strummed acoustic guitar. The basis of the song is simple (just look at the title, folks). All in the Name of Love is one of Ringos best ballads. When I heard the cowbell intro, however, I thought it would be another country Ringo hoe-down, like his 1970 album, Beaucoup of Blues. The cowbell was just a percussive count in, and after the fifth hit, one of his most charming melodies began. After All These Years is another good rocker with more interesting lyrics. It was produced by ELOs Jeff Lynne, who also played several instruments on this track. I Dont Believe You is a country-flavored tune, and it does roll along quite nicely. It harkens back to Ringos early vocals with The Beatles, like What Goes On, from 1965. Runaways starts off with the sounds of a citys streets at night, and tells about children who have run away from home and are living on the streets. In a Heartbeat, along with All in the Name of Love, are definitely top-rate ballads. I prefer In a Heartbeat slightly more than the latter. What Goes Around is the albums last song, and clocks in at 5: 50 (quite long for a Ringo song). Its a good song to end with, as it deals with the what goes around comes around concept. I highly recommend Ringo Starrs Time Takes Time. Its a lot different from Ringos earlier works, and should appeal to Beatles/Ringo fans who grew up in the 1960s, and to people of our own generation. n

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Simon as a Christ Figure in Lo essays

Simon as a Christ Figure in Lo essays William Golding once believed in the idea that the educated, civilized people could do no wrong, but that is before the events of WWII forever changed his view of society (Spitz). In regards to that time, Golding once stated that, ...anyone who moved through those years without understanding that man produces evil as a bee produces honey, must have been bind or wrong in the head... (Spitz). With his new critical view of human nature, William Golding began work on the novel Lord of the Flies, with the intent to trace the defects of society back to human nature (Baker). Incorporating his experience teaching in England, William Golding creates a society on a deserted island with young schoolboys to show the true, violent nature of people, no matter how educated or civilized they are. The world Golding creates is representative of society as a whole as it demonstrates what happens when mankind fails to think logically and chooses to support ideas and the figures that present them, no mat ter how morally and legally wrong they are. To complete the allegory, Golding includes a young boy named Simon to represent Jesus Christ as Simon is an omniscient figure in a world where truth, knowledge, and reason have little importance. When Golding introduces Simon to the reader, he immediately distinguishes him from the rest of the boys by having him faint, which is a common ailment for Simon (Golding 20). This scene parallels the resurrection of Christ as Simon, who is momentarily weakened, is able to rise again and begin his new, yet short life on the island. With the beginning of his new life, Simon observes different aspects of the world around him to give him the vastly unappreciated power of omniscience. A striking example is when Simon makes the bold suggestion to the boys that the highly feared beast is merely a part of them. During one of the assemblies that takes place, Simon hesitantly stands and says, Maybe,...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Changing Views on Homosexuality

Men and women are feeling more open to express their homosexual lifestyle and this is in part due to the changing views of sexual behavior and homosexuality. Homosexual behavior is defined as sexual behavior with a member of one’s own sex (Sarason Sarason, 2005). Prior to the 1970s, homosexuality was considered to be a diagnosable psychiatric disorder and was listed in the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). Homosexuality was viewed almost as a disease that people needed to be cured of. Research revealed that homosexual men and women did not differ in psychological adjustment from heterosexual men and women (Sarason Sarason, 2005). There has been the debate of whether a person is born gay or if homosexuality is a learned behavior. In my opinion, I believe that a person is born gay and does not chose or learn this sexual behavior from others. I’ve witnessed a relative grow up and noticed behavior as child that suggested he may be gay. As an adult, he informed the family that he is in fact gay. This came as a shock to no one and when asked when he knew he was gay, he stated that he knew all along. It is thought that if people no longer viewed homosexuality as a behavior that people chose to partake in, that less emphasis would be placed on trying to â€Å"cure† homosexuality. Dr. Glenn Wilson and Dr. Qazi Rahman, authors of the book Born Gay, state that there is no single gay gene, but genes do contribute and consider the effect of sex hormones to which fetuses are exposed in the womb (Ahuja, 2005). Wilson and Rahman feel that sexual orientation is fixed at birth and that any evidence-based scientist would agree (Ahuja, 2005). With more people understanding that sexual orientation is innate rather than learned, viewpoints on homosexuality are shifting. Our society is slowly becoming more accepting and placing less of a stigma on homosexual behavior. In the past there were no rights for gays wanting to marry, but now gays in Massachusetts can legally marry. In Vermont and other parts of the world, gay men and women now have the right to enter into legal partnerships that give them some of the same protections and responsibilities of marriage (Sarason Sarason, 2005). Past opinion polls have resulted in some Americans saying that gays cannot be considered good role models for children (Sarason Sarason, 2005). Some people have thought that a child’s sexual orientation could be affected if the child had gay or lesbian parents. Research on child adjustment in homosexual households provided results that did not differ from children raised by heterosexual parents (Sarason Sarason, 2005). Dr. Ellen C. Perrin feels that children raised by gay or lesbian couples do just as well as children raised as by heterosexual couples. â€Å"In some ways children of same-sex parents actually may have advantages over other family structures†, says Perrin (Chang, 2005). Studies conducted on homosexual couples show that lesbian couples share household responsibilities equally and that children adjust better when there is an equal division of labor (Chang, 2005). Raising healthy, well-adjusted children and understanding that homosexuality is an innate behavior are just two examples of why attitudes towards homosexuality are changing. Although there is still room for improvement in terms of accepting gay culture, strides are being made compared to earlier attitudes. To me the most significant change is understanding that homosexuality is not a disorder, it represents a person’s sexual orientation. References http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/news/20051012/study-same-sex-parents-raise-well-adjusted-kids Changing Views on Homosexuality Men and women are feeling more open to express their homosexual lifestyle and this is in part due to the changing views of sexual behavior and homosexuality. Homosexual behavior is defined as sexual behavior with a member of one’s own sex (Sarason Sarason, 2005). Prior to the 1970s, homosexuality was considered to be a diagnosable psychiatric disorder and was listed in the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). Homosexuality was viewed almost as a disease that people needed to be cured of. Research revealed that homosexual men and women did not differ in psychological adjustment from heterosexual men and women (Sarason Sarason, 2005). There has been the debate of whether a person is born gay or if homosexuality is a learned behavior. In my opinion, I believe that a person is born gay and does not chose or learn this sexual behavior from others. I’ve witnessed a relative grow up and noticed behavior as child that suggested he may be gay. As an adult, he informed the family that he is in fact gay. This came as a shock to no one and when asked when he knew he was gay, he stated that he knew all along. It is thought that if people no longer viewed homosexuality as a behavior that people chose to partake in, that less emphasis would be placed on trying to â€Å"cure† homosexuality. Dr. Glenn Wilson and Dr. Qazi Rahman, authors of the book Born Gay, state that there is no single gay gene, but genes do contribute and consider the effect of sex hormones to which fetuses are exposed in the womb (Ahuja, 2005). Wilson and Rahman feel that sexual orientation is fixed at birth and that any evidence-based scientist would agree (Ahuja, 2005). With more people understanding that sexual orientation is innate rather than learned, viewpoints on homosexuality are shifting. Our society is slowly becoming more accepting and placing less of a stigma on homosexual behavior. In the past there were no rights for gays wanting to marry, but now gays in Massachusetts can legally marry. In Vermont and other parts of the world, gay men and women now have the right to enter into legal partnerships that give them some of the same protections and responsibilities of marriage (Sarason Sarason, 2005). Past opinion polls have resulted in some Americans saying that gays cannot be considered good role models for children (Sarason Sarason, 2005). Some people have thought that a child’s sexual orientation could be affected if the child had gay or lesbian parents. Research on child adjustment in homosexual households provided results that did not differ from children raised by heterosexual parents (Sarason Sarason, 2005). Dr. Ellen C. Perrin feels that children raised by gay or lesbian couples do just as well as children raised as by heterosexual couples. â€Å"In some ways children of same-sex parents actually may have advantages over other family structures†, says Perrin (Chang, 2005). Studies conducted on homosexual couples show that lesbian couples share household responsibilities equally and that children adjust better when there is an equal division of labor (Chang, 2005). Raising healthy, well-adjusted children and understanding that homosexuality is an innate behavior are just two examples of why attitudes towards homosexuality are changing. Although there is still room for improvement in terms of accepting gay culture, strides are being made compared to earlier attitudes. To me the most significant change is understanding that homosexuality is not a disorder, it represents a person’s sexual orientation. References http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/news/20051012/study-same-sex-parents-raise-well-adjusted-kids